lunes, 15 de diciembre de 2008


Un radical (bushu) es un sub-elemento común encontrado en diferentes kanjis. Cada kanji tiene un radical o es un radical por sí mismo. Los radicales expresan la naturaleza general del kanji. Un radical es la parte del kanji que nos da una pista de su origen, grupo, significado o pronunciación. Muchos diccionarios de kanjis están ordenados por radicales.

Hay 214 radicales oficiales, pero no es necesario aprendérselos todos. Conociendo los principales se puede saber el significado de muchos kanjis.

Los radicales están divididos en 7 grupos, dependiendo de la posición que ocupen en el kanji: hen, tsukuri, kanmuri, ashi, tare, nyou, kamae.

hen tsukuri kanmuri ashi
tare nyou kamae

Aquí los más comunes:


Ninben (persona)

Tsuchihen (Tierra)

Onnahen (mujer)

Gyouninben (Calle, ir)

Risshinben (corazón)

Tehen (mano)

Kihen (árbol)

Sanzui (agua)

Hihen (fuego)

Ushihen (res)

Shimesuhen (Altar, festival, servicio religioso)

Nogihen (árbol de 2 ramas)

Itohen (hilo)

Gonben (palabra)

Kanehen (metal)

Kozatohen (colina)


Rittou (espada)

Nobun (silla plegable)

Akubi (espacio)

Oogai (página)


Ukanmuri (corona)

Takekanmuri (bambú)

Kusakanmuri (hierba)

Amekanmuri (lluvia)


Hitoashi (piernas humanas)

Kokoro (corazón)

Rekka (fuego)


Shikabane (bandera)

Madare (acantilado)

Yamaidare (enfermedad)


Shinnyou (camino)

Ennyou (paso largo)


kunigamae (caja)

Mongamae (puerta)


Todos los radicales

Para aprender más
<--- Lectura obligatoria

8 comentarios:

Anónimo dijo...

bien ya me queda claro, y que hueva¡¡ aprenderselos pero pues ya que. ahhh felicidades por tu blog, es bastante bueno

blogpruebas dijo...

Estupenda leccion!! He aprendido mucho con este post!!

gracias por el curre

tomhogers dijo...
Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.
tomhogers dijo...

Aqui estan las palabras claves en español para Shimesuhen - (Altar, festival, servicio religioso)
Kozatohen - (Colina).
y Gyouninben - (Calle, ir)



Perseo dijo...

Gracias Tom. Ya están puestas.

Anónimo dijo...

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